An independent study by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) found that renewable energy from South Africa’s first wind and solar (photovoltaic) projects created R0.8 billion more financial benefits to the country than they cost during 2014.
The benefits earned were two-fold. The first benefit, derived from diesel and coal fuel cost savings, is pinned at R3.64 billion. This is because 2.2 TWh (terawatt-hours) of wind and solar energy replaced the electricity that would have otherwise been generated from diesel and coal (1.05 TWh from diesel-fired open-cycled gas turbines and 1.12 TWh from coal power stations).
The second benefit of R1.67 billion is a saving to the economy derived from 117 hours of so-called “unserved energy” that were avoided thanks to the contribution of the wind and solar projects. During these hours the supply situation was so tight that some customers’ energy supply would have had to be curtailed (“unserved”) if it had not been for the renewables.
Therefore, renewables contributed benefits of R5.3 billion in total (or R2.42 per kWh of renewable energy), while the tariff payments to independent power producers of the first wind and photovoltaic (PV) projects were only R4.5 billion (or R2.07 per kWh of renewable energy), leaving a net benefit of R0.8 billion.
Dr Tobias Bischof-Niemz, who heads up the CSIR’s Energy Centre, explains: “The study was based on actual hourly production data for the different supply categories of the South African power system (e.g. coal, diesel, wind, PV). We've developed a methodology at the CSIR Energy Centre to determine whether at any given hour of the year renewables have replaced coal or diesel generators, or whether they have even prevented so-called “unserved energy”.
This CSIR methodology was fed with cost assumptions from publicly available sources, such as Eskom’s interim financial results 2014 for coal and diesel costs, or the Department of Energy’s publications on the average tariffs of the first renewables projects, or the Integrated Resource Plan on the cost of unserved energy.
Because the study is an “outside-in” analysis of the system operations, conservative assumptions for the system effects and for the costs of coal were chosen. The actual cost savings that renewable energy sources brought during 2014 are therefore presumably higher than shown by the study.
“Our study shows that in 2014, renewable energy provided a net financial benefit to the country. Without the first solar and wind projects, we would have spent significant additional amounts on diesel, and energy would have had to be “unserved” during almost 120 additional hours in 2014,” Bischof-Niemz says. “What is more, the cost per kWh of renewable energy for new projects is now well below R1 for solar PV and between 60c - 80c for wind projects. That will keep the net financial benefits of renewables positive, even in a future with a less constrained power system.”
The CSIR intends to continue to monitor the fuel-saving and security-of-supply benefits of renewable energy.
More information and the results of this study can be obtained at:
About the CSIR
The CSIR is one of the leading scientific and technology research, development and implementation organisations in Africa. Constituted by an Act of Parliament in 1945 as a science council, the CSIR undertakes directed and multidisciplinary research, technological innovation as well as industrial and scientific development to improve the quality of life of the country’s people. www.csir.co.za
About the CSIR’s Energy Centre
In July 2014, the CSIR started a process to streamline its offerings in the energy field through the establishment of an integrated energy research centre. This centre focuses on the key energy challenges of the country and the region, and consolidates the energy-related research currently taking place across the CSIR. It has a strong focus on technology integration, policy support as well as technical and economic modelling of the energy sector. Dr Tobias Bischof-Niemz heads up the centre.
For more information, please contact:
Aubrey Matsila, CSIR Media and stakeholder relations manager
Tel: +2712 841 2834
Cell: +27 76 567 7397
Dr Tobias Bischof-Niemz, CSIR Energy Centre
Cell: +27 12 841 2113